Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE)

The California Healthy Youth Act

The California Healthy Youth Act, also known as assembly bill 329, took effect in January 2016. It requires schools to teach Comprehensive Sexuality Education at least twice, once in middle school and once in high school, with the intention of equipping kids to avoid contracting HIV and other STIs, and avoiding unintended pregnancy. The law mandates that sexual health education include instruction on all genders and sexual orientations, and must be affirmative and inclusive of same-sex relationships.

While parents are allowed to opt students out of most of the curriculum, they are not able to opt out of gender identity instruction. Additionally, the curriculum promotes the exploration of anal and oral sex, directs students to Planned Parenthood clinics even if a pro-life sexual health center is in the same vicinity, excessively focuses on sexual pleasure, and promotes sexual rights over sexual health. Despite the increased attention to this sexual health education, STI transmission rates are on the rise.

The Law

Right to Opt Out

Schools must advise parents/guardians that they have the right to excuse their child from comprehensive sexual health education and HIV prevention education and that in order to excuse their child they must state their request in writing to the school district.  (EC § 51938(b)(4).) 


Parents/guardians must request in writing that their child not participate in the instruction (passive consent, or “opt-out”). If the parent/guardian does not request in writing that the child be withheld, the child will attend the instruction.  (EC § 51938(a).)

Most Commonly Used Curricula 

Rights, Respect, Responsibility's Sex Ed Curriculum

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Positive Prevention Plus 7th grade Sex Ed. Curriculum - Used in RUSD Part 1

Additional information at:

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